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Age: 1,025.9 ± 1,387.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A7299G
Parent Branch: H1c4
Descendant branch(s): H1c4a1


Haplogroup H1c4a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H1c4aA7299G C15315TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1c4aA7299G C15315TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1c4aA7299G C15315TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1c4aA7299GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000755Behar et al., 2012anoneH1c4a:315.1C
Hap5001004Behar et al., 2012anoneH1c4a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5001012Behar et al., 2012aH1c4a:16187H1c4a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1598R
Hap5001061Behar et al., 2012anoneH1c4a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5222
Hap5001096Behar et al., 2012anoneH1c4a:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5019327Cardoso et al., 2013noneH1c4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5019351Cardoso et al., 2013noneH1c4a:309.1CC, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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