Age: 7,867.2 ± 3,537.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16220c
Parent Branch: H1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H1bs is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,300 and 11,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H1bs A16220c Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H1bs A16220c Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H1bs A16220c Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H1bs A16220c Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000858 Behar et al., 2012a H1bs:16311 H1bs:315.1C, 15110
Hap5001836 Behar et al., 2012b H1bs:16189, 16278 H1bs:309.1CC, 315.1C, 15773
Hap5002929 Behar et al., 2012b none H1bs:309.1CC, 315.1C, 11204, 11536, 14861, 15122, 15924
Hap5003577 Behar et al., 2012b H1bs:152 H1bs:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5012986 Raule et al., 2014 H1bs:146, 16189 H1bs:309d, 315.1C, 15773

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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