Age: 0.0 ± 4,190.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T7691C
Parent Branch: H1b2a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H1b2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H1b2a1 T7691C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H1b2a1 T7691C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H1b2a1 T7691C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H1b2a1 T7691C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002626 Behar et al., 2012b none H1b2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 8287.1CC, 16183C, 16519
Hap5004252 Behar et al., 2012b none H1b2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10005284 Unspecified Poland Poland Poland
Hap10008222 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011952 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014113 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10018119 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10022711 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025850 Ukraine Russia Unspecified Russia
Hap10035924 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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