Age: 1,570.4 ± 2,135.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C15088T
Parent Branch: H1
Descendant branch(s): H1ai1


Haplogroup H1ai is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H1ai C15088T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H1ai C15088T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H1ai C15088T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H1ai C15088T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001174 United States Italy Italy Italy
Hap10001950 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002187 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010100 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10016704 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024677 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024914 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025155 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10026997 Canada United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10027202 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030214 United States United States United States United States
Hap10034363 United States United States British Dependent Territories British Dependent Territories

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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