P4a

Summary

Age: 18,633.6 ± 4,512.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! T507C A517G G3915A T4216C G7852A A9587G G9755A T10463C A11167G A11641G A12358G G13135A T14512C G15314A G16319A
Parent Branch: P4
Descendant branch(s): P4a1

Background

Haplogroup P4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,100 and 23,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 1 Mar 2009
05 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 P4a 152 507 517 3915 4216 7852 9587 9755 10463 11167 11641 12358 13135 14512 15314 16319 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 P4a T152C! T507C A517G G3915A T4216C G7852A A9587G G9755A T10463C A11167G A11641G A12358G G13135A T14512C G15314A G16319A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 P4a T152C! T507C A517G G3915A T4216C G7852A A9587G G9755A T10463C A11167G A11641G A12358G G13135A T14512C G15314A G16319A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 P4a T152C! T507C A517G G3915A T4216C G7852A A9587G G9755A T10463C A11167G A11641G A12358G G13135A T14512C G15314A G16319A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 P4a T152C! T507C A517G G3915A T4216C G7852A A9587G G9755A T10463C A11167G A11641G A12358G G13135A T14512C G15314A G16319A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5015679 Friedlaender et al., 2007 P4a:10915 P4a:185, 463, 1977, 11016, 16342, 16519
Hap5015680 Friedlaender et al., 2007 none P4a:279, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8567, 11377, 13824, 15550, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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