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Age: 35,514.7 ± 5,649.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T236C T12121C C13934T
Parent Branch: P3
Descendant branch(s): P3b1


Haplogroup P3b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 29,900 and 41,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

03P3b236 12121 13934Released 1 Mar 2009
05P3b236 12121 13934Released 8 Jul 2009
06P3b236 12121 13934Released 28 Sep 2009
07P3b236 12121 13934Released 10 Nov 2009
08P3b236 12121 13934Released 21 Mar 2010
09P3b236 12121 13934Released 20 Jun 2010
10P3b236 12121 13934Released 10 Aug 2010
11P3b236 12121 13934Released 7 Feb 2011
12P3b236 12121 13934Released 20 Jul 2011
13P3b236 12121 13934Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14P3bT236C T12121C C13934TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15P3bT236C T12121C C13934TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16P3bT236C T12121C C13934TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17P3bT236C T12121C C13934TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010191Ingman et al., 2000noneP3b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 942, 1834, 2010, 5972, 6253, 6734, 6770, 6929, 13020, 13641, 13708, 15061, 15454, 16145

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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