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T2b4a

Summary

Age: 3,573.1 ± 2,847.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T16172C
Parent Branch: T2b4
Descendant branch(s): T2b4a1

Background

Haplogroup T2b4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 700 and 6,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
13T2b4a16172Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T2b4aT16172CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2b4aT16172CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2b4aT16172CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2b4aT16172CReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001922Behar et al., 2012bT2b4a:16296T2b4a:315.1C, 1719, 10325R
Hap5004269Behar et al., 2012bT2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16343
Hap5004958Behar et al., 2012bT2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 12557Y, 14509, 14620
Hap5008088Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2b4a:16296T2b4a:114, 315.1C
Hap5008125Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2b4a:16296T2b4a:114, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5913
Hap5008502Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 14509, 14620
Hap5013121Raule et al., 2014T2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16299
Hap5013179Raule et al., 2014T2b4a:16296T2b4a:227, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16299
Hap5013610Raule et al., 2014T2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013665Raule et al., 2014T2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015854Pereira et al., ‎2007T2b4a:195, 16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 10041, 10589, 12651
Hap5016814Malyarchuk et al., 2010aT2b4a:16296T2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6593, 8078

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10079636CanadaBelgiumBelgiumBelgium
Hap10079637United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10079638IsraelUnited KingdomFranceFrance
Hap10079639CanadaCanadaIrelandIreland
Hap10079640LithuaniaLithuaniaLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10079641United StatesUkraineUkraineUkraine
Hap10079642CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10079643New ZealandUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10079644UnspecifiedUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10079645United StatesChinaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079646United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079647United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079648United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079649United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079650United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079651United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079652United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079653United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079654United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079655United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079656United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079657United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079658United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079659United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079660United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079661United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079662United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079663United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079664United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079665United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079666United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079667United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079668United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079669United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079670United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079671United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079672ArgentinaArgentinaUnspecifiedArgentina
Hap10079673IrelandIrelandUnspecifiedIreland
Hap10079674United StatesNigeriaUnspecifiedNigeria
Hap10079675United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079676United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079677United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079678United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079679United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079680United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079681United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079682United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079683United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079684United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079685United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079686United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079687UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079688United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079689HungaryUnspecifiedUnspecifiedHungary
Hap10079690United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10079691United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10079692UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079693UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079694UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079695UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079696UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079697UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079698UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079699UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079700UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079701UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079702UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079703UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079704UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079705UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079706UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079707UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079708UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079709UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079710UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079711UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079712UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079713UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079714UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079715UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079716UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079717UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079718UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079719UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079720UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079721UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079722UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079723UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079724UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079725UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079726UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079727UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079728UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079729UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079730UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079731UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079732UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079733UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079734UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079735UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079736UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079737UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079738UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079739UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079740UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079741UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079742UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079743UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079744UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079745UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079746UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079747UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079748UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079749UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079750UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079751UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079752UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079753UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079754UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079755UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079756UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079757UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079758UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079759UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10079760UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|