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T2a1

Summary

Age: 15,222.8 ± 2,741.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A14687G
Parent Branch: T2a
Descendant branch(s): T2a1a T2a1b

Background

Haplogroup T2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,500 and 18,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
02T2a12850 7022 14687Released 14 Oct 2008
05T2a114687Released 8 Jul 2009
06T2a114687Released 28 Sep 2009
07T2a114687Released 10 Nov 2009
08T2a114687Released 21 Mar 2010
09T2a114687Released 20 Jun 2010
10T2a114687Released 10 Aug 2010
11T2a114687Released 7 Feb 2011
12T2a114687Released 20 Jul 2011
13T2a114687Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T2a1A14687GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2a1A14687GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2a1A14687GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2a1A14687GReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008116Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2a1:16311T2a1:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11176, 15265
Hap5009509Herrnstadt et al., 2002T2a1:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311T2a1:1-576d, 4129, 13734, 13758A, 15274, 16024-16569d
Hap5009722Herrnstadt et al., 2002T2a1:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311T2a1:1-576d, 4129, 13734, 13758A, 15274, 16024-16569d
Hap5013922Schönberg et al., 2011noneT2a1:257N, 310, 523-524d, 3744, 8538, 16117
Hap5014364Soini et al., 2012T2a1:10398T2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3204, 11404, 15292, 16209
Hap5019134Pala et al., 2012noneT2a1:315.1C, 6293

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10075232United StatesUnited StatesCroatiaCroatia
Hap10075233United StatesUnited StatesCroatiaCroatia
Hap10075234United Arab EmiratesEgyptEgyptEgypt
Hap10075235United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075236United StatesUnited StatesLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10075237United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10075238United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10075239UnspecifiedUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10075240United KingdomPolandSlovakiaSlovakia
Hap10075241TurkeyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10075242United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075243United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075244United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075245United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075246United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075247GermanyPolandUnspecifiedPoland
Hap10075248ArmeniaRussiaUnspecifiedRussia
Hap10075249United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075250United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075251United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075252United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075253United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075254United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075255United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075256United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075257UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075258UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075259UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075260UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075261UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075262UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075263UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075264UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075265UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075266UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075267UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075268UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075269UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075270UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075271UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075272UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075273UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075274UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075275UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075276UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075277UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075278UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075279UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075280UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075281UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075282UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075283UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075284UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075285UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075286UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075287UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075288UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075289UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075290UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075291UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075292UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075293UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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