T2a1

Summary

Age: 15,222.8 ± 2,741.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A14687G
Parent Branch: T2a
Descendant branch(s): T2a1a T2a1b

Background

Haplogroup T2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,500 and 18,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
02 T2a1 2850 7022 14687 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 T2a1 14687 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 T2a1 14687 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 T2a1 14687 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 T2a1 14687 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 T2a1 14687 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 T2a1 14687 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 T2a1 14687 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 T2a1 14687 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 T2a1 14687 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2a1 A14687G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2a1 A14687G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2a1 A14687G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2a1 A14687G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5008116 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 T2a1:16311 T2a1:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11176, 15265
Hap5009509 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 T2a1:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311 T2a1:1-576d, 4129, 13734, 13758A, 15274, 16024-16569d
Hap5009722 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 T2a1:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311 T2a1:1-576d, 4129, 13734, 13758A, 15274, 16024-16569d
Hap5013922 Schönberg et al., 2011 none T2a1:257N, 310, 523-524d, 3744, 8538, 16117
Hap5014364 Soini et al., 2012 T2a1:10398 T2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3204, 11404, 15292, 16209
Hap5019134 Pala et al., 2012 none T2a1:315.1C, 6293

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10075232 United States United States Croatia Croatia
Hap10075233 United States United States Croatia Croatia
Hap10075234 United Arab Emirates Egypt Egypt Egypt
Hap10075235 United States Italy Italy Italy
Hap10075236 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10075237 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10075238 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10075239 Unspecified United States Russia Russia
Hap10075240 United Kingdom Poland Slovakia Slovakia
Hap10075241 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10075242 United States United States United States United States
Hap10075243 United States United States United States United States
Hap10075244 United States United States United States United States
Hap10075245 United States United States United States United States
Hap10075246 United States United States United States United States
Hap10075247 Germany Poland Unspecified Poland
Hap10075248 Armenia Russia Unspecified Russia
Hap10075249 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10075250 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10075251 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10075252 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10075253 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10075254 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10075255 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10075256 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10075257 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075258 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075259 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075260 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075261 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075262 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075263 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075264 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075265 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075266 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075267 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075268 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075269 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075270 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075271 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075272 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075273 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075274 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075275 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075276 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075277 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075278 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075279 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075280 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075281 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075282 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075283 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075284 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075285 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075286 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075287 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075288 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075290 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075291 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10075293 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|