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T2

Summary

Age: 19,316.5 ± 2,545.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A11812G A14233G (C16296T)
Parent Branch: T
Descendant branch(s): T2a T2b T2c T2d T2e T2f T2g T2h T2i T2j T2k T2l T2m T2n

Background

Haplogroup T2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,800 and 21,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01T211812 14233 16296Released 27 Aug 2008
02T211812 14233 16296Released 14 Oct 2008
03T211812 14233 (16296)Released 1 Mar 2009
05T211812 14233 (16296)Released 8 Jul 2009
06T211812 14233 (16296)Released 28 Sep 2009
07T211812 14233 (16296)Released 10 Nov 2009
08T211812 14233 (16296)Released 21 Mar 2010
09T211812 14233 (16296)Released 20 Jun 2010
10T211812 14233 (16296)Released 10 Aug 2010
11T211812 14233 (16296)Released 7 Feb 2011
12T211812 14233 (16296)Released 20 Jul 2011
13T211812 14233 (16296)Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T2A11812G A14233G C16296TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2A11812G A14233G (C16296T)Released 30 Sep 2012
16T2A11812G A14233G (C16296T)Released 19 Feb 2014
17T2A11812G A14233G (C16296T)Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002062Behar et al., 2012bT2:16296T2:315.1C, 13866, 14668, 16239
Hap5004120Behar et al., 2012bT2:16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004658Behar et al., 2012bnoneT2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1673, 16298, 16365
Hap5005448Bertolin et al., 2011T2:16311T2:513, 4736, 5504N, 10456N, 12477, 12738, 16292
Hap5008058Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneT2:215, 315.1C, 2523, 9380, 9438, 16301
Hap5008124Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2:16296T2:214R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16287
Hap5008531Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneT2:295A, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4655, 15812, 16287
Hap5009110Gasparre et al., 2007T2:16296T2:210, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5009165Ghelli et al., 2009T2:152, 16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 549, 5438, 7471d, 10750
Hap5009656Herrnstadt et al., 2002T2:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311T2:1-576d, 3918, 9944, 12762, 16024-16569d
Hap5009902Herrnstadt et al., 2002T2:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311T2:1-576d, 1719, 5999, 9709, 16024-16569d
Hap5012643Raule et al., 2014T2:152, 16296T2:309.1CCC, 310G, 3338, 10750, 11944
Hap5012730Raule et al., 2014T2:195, 16296T2:200, 242, 315.1C
Hap5013495Raule et al., 2014T2:16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013907Schönberg et al., 2011T2:16189T2:310d, 523-524d, 4774N, 7244, 12236, 13500, 14047N
Hap5019208Pala et al., 2012T2:195T2:315.1C, 1719, 3106N, 4225, 13980, 16275, 16325
Hap5019209Pala et al., 2012T2:16296T2:315.1C, 1719, 6575, 7598, 10031, 13942, 15470
Hap5019210Pala et al., 2012T2:16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3705, 8863, 9824, 12618, 16207
Hap5019211Pala et al., 2012T2:195, 16189, 16296T2:315.1C, 6662, 12528, 13135
Hap5019212Pala et al., 2012T2:16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4017A, 16181
Hap5019214Pala et al., 2012noneT2:315.1C, 13675, 13710, 16078, 16292
Hap5020966Derenko et al., 2013T2:152, 16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4562, 5824, 10750, 15973
Hap5021152Derenko et al., 2013T2:16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4940A, 6318
Hap5021177Derenko et al., 2013T2:152, 16296T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 10750
Hap5023510Howell et al., 2003noneT2:7543, 9438, 11778, 14148
Hap5023511Howell et al., 2003noneT2:7543, 9438, 11778, 14148
Hap5023512Zheng et al., 2012T2:152, 16296T2:8310, 10750, 11944

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10075063AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10075064United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10075065BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10075066BulgariaBulgariaBulgariaBulgaria
Hap10075067CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10075068CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10075069United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10075070CyprusCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10075071United KingdomCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10075072CanadaCanadaDenmarkDenmark
Hap10075073United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10075074FranceFranceFranceFrance
Hap10075075GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10075076GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10075077United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10075078AustraliaGreeceGreeceGreece
Hap10075079United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10075080CanadaCanadaIrelandIreland
Hap10075081United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10075082United StatesBritish TerritoriesItalyItaly
Hap10075083FranceFranceItalyItaly
Hap10075084ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075085United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075086United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075087United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10075088United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10075089CanadaLebanonLebanonLebanon
Hap10075090LebanonLebanonLebanonLebanon
Hap10075091United StatesLebanonLebanonLebanon
Hap10075092United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10075093SyriaSyriaSyriaSyria
Hap10075094GreeceGreeceTurkeyTurkey
Hap10075095TurkeyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10075096United StatesUnited StatesTurkeyTurkey
Hap10075097United StatesUkraineUkraineUkraine
Hap10075098United StatesUkraineUkraineUkraine
Hap10075099CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075100United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075101United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075102United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075103United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075104United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075105United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075106United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075107United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075108United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075109United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075110United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075111United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075112United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075113United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075114United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075115United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075116United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075117UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075118CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10075119CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10075120United StatesCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10075121GermanyGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10075122GermanyGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10075123United StatesGreeceUnspecifiedGreece
Hap10075124IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10075125Dominican RepublicSpainUnspecifiedSpain
Hap10075126CanadaUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10075127United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075128United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075129United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075130United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075131United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075132United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075133United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075134United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075135United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075136United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075137United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075138United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075139UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075140United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075141GreeceUnspecifiedUnspecifiedGreece
Hap10075142United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075143United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075144UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075145UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075146UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075147UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075148UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075149UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075150UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075151UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075152UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075153UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075154UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075155UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075156UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075157UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075158UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075159UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075160UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075161UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075162UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075163UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075164UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075165UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075166UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075167UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075168UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075169UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075170UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075171UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075172UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075173UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075174UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075175UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075176UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075177UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075178UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075179UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075180UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075181UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075182UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075183UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075184UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075185UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075186UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075187UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075188UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075189UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075190UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075191UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075192UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075193UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075194UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075195UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075196UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075197UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075198UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075199UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075200UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075201UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075202UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075203UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075204UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075205UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075206UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075207UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075208UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075209UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075210UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075211UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075212UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075213UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075214UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075215UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075216UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075217UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075218UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10075219UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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