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Age: 0.0 ± 9,203.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G15596A
Parent Branch: J2a1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup J2a1a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 9,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14J2a1a1cA8008G G15596AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J2a1a1cG15596AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J2a1a1cG15596AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J2a1a1cG15596AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001449Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2a1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8008, 10320R, 16519
Hap5002910Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2a1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8008R, 16519
Hap5004870Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2a1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 1542Y, 8008, 16519
Hap5018980Pala et al., 2012J2a1a1c:146, 16126J2a1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 4976, 7768, 9254, 15217, 16209, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10057701United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057702United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057703United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057704United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057705United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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