Age: 5,407.3 ± 3,290.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A15442G
Parent Branch: J1b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup J1b1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 8,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 J1b1a3 A15442G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J1b1a3 A15442G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J1b1a3 A15442G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J1b1a3 A15442G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002953 Behar et al., 2012b none J1b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 9055, 9380, 16519
Hap5008031 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 J1b1a3:16222 J1b1a3:315.1C, 10667, 12795, 16519
Hap5009066 Gasparre et al., 2007 none J1b1a3:315.1C, 16079, 16215, 16519
Hap5021179 Derenko et al., 2013 J1b1a3:11914 J1b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 4234, 6261, 8152, 8567, 10899, 11959, 16519
Hap5022892 Zheng et al., 2012 J1b1a3:146, 16222 J1b1a3:194, 735, 5191, 6899, 7211, 8331, 15314, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10050990 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10050991 United States Iran Iran Iran
Hap10050992 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Unspecified Saudi Arabia
Hap10050993 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10050994 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10050995 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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