Age: 19,634.4 ± 7,558.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5093C A13269G G16129A!
Parent Branch: B4
Descendant branch(s): B4h1


Haplogroup B4h is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 12,100 and 27,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 B4h 5093 13269 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4h 5093 13269 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4h 5093 13269 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4h T5093C A13269G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B4h T5093C A13269G G16129A! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4h T5093C A13269G G16129A! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4h T5093C A13269G G16129A! Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011420 Ko et al., 2014 B4h:8281-8289d B4h:93, 513, 5302, 9530, 14388, 14769, 16189, 16356, 16519
Hap5015601 Zou et al., 2010 B4h:16311 B4h:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3395, 3736, 12007, 12130, 14122, 16182C, 16183C, 16291, 16362
Hap5018038 Soares et al., 2011 B4h:16261 B4h:150, 523-524d, 5237, 8248, 14968, 16362, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044612 Canada Canada China China
Hap10044613 China China China China
Hap10044614 Jamaica Jamaica China China
Hap10044615 China China Unspecified China
Hap10044616 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10044617 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10044618 China Unspecified Unspecified China
Hap10044619 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044620 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044621 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044622 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044623 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044625 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044626 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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