Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C3435T T9128C G11440A
Parent Branch: B4c1b2
Descendant branch(s): B4c1b2c1 B4c1b2c2


Haplogroup B4c1b2c is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 B4c1b2c 3435 9128 11440 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4c1b2c C3435T T9128C G11440A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16 B4c1b2c C3435T T9128C G11440A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4c1b2c C3435T T9128C G11440A Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010288 Jiang et al., 2014 B4c1b2c:146, 16129 B4c1b2c:309.1CCC, 315.1C, 4092, 5057, 5899d, 9621, 10250, 15430, 15954, 16145, 16166, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5011252 Ko et al., 2014 B4c1b2c:8281-8289d, 16129 B4c1b2c:189, 3394, 5744, 6941, 7119, 14182, 16166, 16189
Hap5011310 Ko et al., 2014 B4c1b2c:8281-8289d B4c1b2c:8269, 9575, 10493, 16136, 16189, 16249, 16291
Hap5012026 Mikami et al., 2013 none B4c1b2c:315.1C, 5054C, 9575, 10493, 16136, 16183C, 16249, 16291
Hap5012187 Phan et al., 2006a B4c1b2c:709, 8281-8289d, 16129, 16140, 16217, 16335 B4c1b2c:263, 269G, 2442, 3394, 3944, 4343, 7990, 8379, 8425, 9179A, 9180, 9214, 9531, 12882, 13035, 14766, 14803, 14818, 15408, 15447, 15720, 16060, 16061G, 16179, 16183C, 16279, 16519
Hap5022392 Zheng et al., 2011 none B4c1b2c:8994, 16183N, 16189N
Hap5022393 Zheng et al., 2011 B4c1b2c:16187 B4c1b2c:315.1C, 5758N, 5821, 7990, 14818, 16183C, 16187N
Hap5022394 Zheng et al., 2011 none B4c1b2c:9575, 10493, 16136, 16183N, 16189N, 16249, 16291
Hap5022395 Zheng et al., 2011 none B4c1b2c:1d, 4300, 5054C, 9575, 10493, 16136, 16249, 16291

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044543 United States United States China China
Hap10044544 China China Unspecified China
Hap10044545 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044546 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044547 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044548 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044549 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044550 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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