B4c1b2a1

Summary

Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G1709A T1716C
Parent Branch: B4c1b2a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup B4c1b2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
09 B4c1b2a 1709 1716 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B4c1b2a 1709 1716 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B4c1b2a 1709 1716 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4c1b2a 1709 1716 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4c1b2a1 1709 1716 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4c1b2a1 G1709A T1716C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16 B4c1b2a1 G1709A T1716C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4c1b2a1 G1709A T1716C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005453 Bi et al., 2010 B4c1b2a1:16274 B4c1b2a1:307-356d, 4890, 16182C, 16183C, 16284
Hap5005511 Bilal et al., 2008 B4c1b2a1:16335 B4c1b2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 11611, 14207, 16093, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5015920 Wang CY et al., 2007 B4c1b2a1:16311 B4c1b2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6167, 7819, 8951, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015921 Wang CY et al., 2007 B4c1b2a1:16311 B4c1b2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6167, 7819, 8951, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015922 Wang CY et al., 2007 B4c1b2a1:16311 B4c1b2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6167, 7819, 8951, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10044510 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10044511 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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