Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A14133G T16311C!
Parent Branch: B4c1a
Descendant branch(s): B4c1a1a B4c1a1b B4c1a1c


Haplogroup B4c1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,200 and 11,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
15 B4c1a1 A14133G T16311C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4c1a1 A14133G T16311C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4c1a1 A14133G T16311C! Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005472 Bilal et al., 2008 none B4c1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10373, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5012014 Mikami et al., 2013 B4c1a1:146 B4c1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 9163, 11353, 16183C, 16233
Hap5014926 Tanaka et al., 2004 none B4c1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10373, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5014992 Tanaka et al., 2004 B4c1a1:146 B4c1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5022387 Zheng et al., 2011 none B4c1a1:310, 12366, 16183C
Hap5022388 Zheng et al., 2011 B4c1a1:146 B4c1a1:16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044470 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10044471 United States Japan Japan Japan
Hap10044472 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044473 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044474 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044475 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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