Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 11,125.1 ± 6,582.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G10310A
Parent Branch: B4c1a'b
Descendant branch(s): B4c1a1 B4c1a2


Haplogroup B4c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,500 and 17,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B4c1a10310 14133Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4c1a10310 14133Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4c1a10310 14133Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4c1a10310 14133Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4c1a10310 14133Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4c1a10310 14133Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4c1a10310 14133Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4c1a10310 14133Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4c1a10310 14133Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4c1a10310 14133Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4c1a10310 14133Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4c1aG10310A A14133GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4c1aG10310AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4c1aG10310AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4c1aG10310AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5020729Fu et al., 2013bnoneB4c1a:16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|