Age: 16,898.7 ± 6,913.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A14587G
Parent Branch: B4b1b'c
Descendant branch(s): B4b1c1 B4b1c2


Haplogroup B4b1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 10,000 and 23,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 B4b1c 8343 11053 14587 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B4b1c 8343 11053 14587 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B4b1c 14587 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B4b1c 14587 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B4b1c 14587 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B4b1c 14587 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B4b1c 14587 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B4b1c 14587 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B4b1c 14587 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4b1c 14587 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4b1c 14587 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4b1c A14587G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B4b1c A14587G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4b1c A14587G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4b1c A14587G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011262 Ko et al., 2014 B4b1c:8281-8289d B4b1c:2772, 8343, 12398, 16051, 16189
Hap5011659 Kong et al., 2006 none B4b1c:185, 315.1C, 8343, 9065, 11053, 16182C, 16183C, 16240

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044458 China China China China
Hap10044459 Taiwan China China China
Hap10044460 Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South
Hap10044461 Korea, South Korea, South Unspecified Korea, South
Hap10044462 United States Taiwan Unspecified Taiwan
Hap10044463 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044464 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044465 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044466 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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