Age: 5,837.3 ± 3,918.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T9098C
Parent Branch: B2c
Descendant branch(s): B2c1a B2c1b B2c1c


Haplogroup B2c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,900 and 9,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 B2c1 9098 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B2c1 9098 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B2c1 9098 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B2c1 9098 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B2c1 9098 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B2c1 9098 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B2c1 9098 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B2c1 9098 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B2c1 9098 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B2c1 9098 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B2c1 9098 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B2c1 T9098C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B2c1 T9098C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B2c1 T9098C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B2c1 T9098C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010438 Just et al., 2008 none B2c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5010439 Just et al., 2008 none B2c1:309.1CCN, 315.1C, 3316, 8247, 10978, 12223, 12561, 12732, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5017725 Kumar et al., 2011 none B2c1:94, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10043646 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043647 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043648 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043649 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043650 United States Mexico United States United States
Hap10043651 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043652 United States Costa Rica Unspecified Costa Rica
Hap10043653 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043654 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043655 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043656 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043657 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043658 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043659 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043660 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043661 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043662 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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