Age: 8,825.5 ± 3,405.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A10895G
Parent Branch: B2a
Descendant branch(s): B2a1a B2a1b


Haplogroup B2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,400 and 12,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 B2a1 10895 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B2a1 10895 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B2a1 10895 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B2a1 10895 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B2a1 10895 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B2a1 10895 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B2a1 10895 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B2a1 10895 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B2a1 10895 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B2a1 10895 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B2a1 10895 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B2a1 A10895G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B2a1 A10895G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B2a1 A10895G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B2a1 A10895G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002213 Behar et al., 2012b none B2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3882, 15514, 16183C, 16357
Hap5010442 Just et al., 2008 none B2a1:309.1CCN, 315.1C, 1719, 5790A, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5010443 Just et al., 2008 none B2a1:309.1CN, 315.1C, 12850, 15884, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5015949 Achilli et al., 2008 none B2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3339, 14225, 16183C, 16274
Hap5020771 Achilli et al., 2013 none B2a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 709, 4757, 8614, 10694, 10899, 16183C
Hap5020772 Achilli et al., 2013 B2a1:16278 B2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 951, 4732, 6179, 6260, 8119, 9077, 10256, 15924, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10043350 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043351 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043352 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043353 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043354 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043355 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043356 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043357 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043358 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043359 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|