B2

Summary

Age: 16,818.5 ± 2,619.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177T
Parent Branch: B4b
Descendant branch(s): B2a B2b B2c B2d B2e B2f B2g B2h B2i B2j B2k B2l B2m B2n B2o B2p B2q B2r B2s B2t B2u B2v B2w B2x B2y

Background

Haplogroup B2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 14,200 and 19,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B2 3547 4977 6473 9950 11177 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B2 A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B2 A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B2 A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B2 A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001680 Behar et al., 2012b B2:10915 B2:185, 189, 210, 310, 5301, 13437, 15148, 15951, 16183C
Hap5004899 Behar et al., 2012b B2:8281-8289d B2:63, 64, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4960, 6221, 8277, 8279, 8280C, 8286, 8288, 15355, 15731, 16183C
Hap5005239 Behar et al., 2012b B2:16278 B2:200, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4038, 8994, 15734, 15924, 16183C
Hap5007096 Fagundes et al., 2008 B2:152 B2:103, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 5978, 7498, 8715A, 14470, 16093, 16241
Hap5007097 Fagundes et al., 2008 none B2:309.1C, 315.1C, 12618, 16168, 16183C, 16193.1CC
Hap5007098 Fagundes et al., 2008 none B2:207, 302C, 309d, 315.1C, 569, 606, 12192, 16183C, 16319, 16390
Hap5007104 Fagundes et al., 2008 B2:16311 B2:315.1C, 523-524d, 3615, 4232, 7227T, 7251, 16183C, 16319, 16354, 16524
Hap5007188 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none B2:63, 64, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4960, 6221, 15355, 15731, 16183C
Hap5009394 Hartmann et al., 2008 B2:499 B2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3760G, 5095, 7813, 15265, 16150, 16183C
Hap5014554 Tamm et al., 2007 B2:16311 B2:185, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 4502, 6305, 7756, 7792A, 9554, 16169, 16183C, 16268
Hap5014567 Tamm et al., 2007 none B2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 2361, 4245, 7471d, 9995, 16183C, 16295, 16301
Hap5015710 Achilli et al., 2008 none B2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5746, 6833, 8251, 14110, 15670, 15892, 16173, 16183C, 16352
Hap5017720 Kumar et al., 2011 B2:152 B2:309.1C, 316C, 523-524d, 9188C, 11425, 16182C, 16183C, 16234, 16235, 16309
Hap5017722 Kumar et al., 2011 B2:152 B2:309.1CC, 316d, 9188C, 9682, 11425, 16182C, 16183C, 16234, 16235, 16309
Hap5017724 Kumar et al., 2011 none B2:106-111d, 194, 315.1CCC, 356.1C, 573.1XC, 6896, 16179, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5017728 Kumar et al., 2011 B2:152, 10688 B2:71, 309.1C, 315.1C, 482, 5423, 12406, 13015, 16183C
Hap5017733 Kumar et al., 2011 B2:16278 B2:315.1C, 2702, 4973G, 10914, 11893, 12678, 15218, 15924, 16183C, 16260, 16390
Hap5017748 Kumar et al., 2011 B2:16278 B2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4853, 11611T, 15450, 16183C
Hap5022302 Zheng et al., 2012 B2:499, 16187 B2:499N, 8875, 9682, 16187d
Hap5022303 Zheng et al., 2012 B2:152, 2885 B2:55.1T, 59-60d, 143, 308, 310d, 593, 1719, 9221T, 16182C, 16183d
Hap5022304 Zheng et al., 2012 none B2:315.1C, 1619, 4890, 13434, 16093, 16148, 16183d, 16186, 16292

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10043046 United States Argentina Argentina Argentina
Hap10043047 United States Argentina Argentina Argentina
Hap10043048 Bolivia Bolivia Bolivia Bolivia
Hap10043049 United States Bolivia Bolivia Bolivia
Hap10043050 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043051 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043052 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043053 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043054 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043055 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043056 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043057 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043058 United Kingdom Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043059 United States Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043060 United States Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10043061 Chile Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043062 Chile Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043063 United States Chile Chile Chile
Hap10043064 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043065 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043066 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043067 Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043068 United States Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043069 United States Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043070 Venezuela Colombia Colombia Colombia
Hap10043071 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10043072 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10043073 Ecuador Ecuador Ecuador Ecuador
Hap10043074 Ecuador Ecuador Ecuador Ecuador
Hap10043075 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10043076 Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala
Hap10043077 Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala
Hap10043078 United States Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala
Hap10043079 Canada Guyana Guyana Guyana
Hap10043080 Guyana Guyana Guyana Guyana
Hap10043081 United States Honduras Honduras Honduras
Hap10043082 Bolivia Bolivia Italy Italy
Hap10043083 Brazil Brazil Italy Italy
Hap10043084 Mexico Mexico Italy Italy
Hap10043085 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043086 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043087 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043088 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043089 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043090 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043091 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043092 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043093 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043094 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043095 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043096 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043097 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043098 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043099 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043100 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043101 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043102 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043103 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10043104 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043105 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043106 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043107 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043108 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043109 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043110 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10043111 United States Paraguay Paraguay Paraguay
Hap10043112 Colombia Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043113 Peru Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043114 Peru Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043115 Peru Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043116 Peru Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043117 Peru Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043118 United States Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043119 United States Peru Peru Peru
Hap10043120 United States United States Peru Peru
Hap10043121 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043122 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043123 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043124 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043125 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043126 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043127 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043128 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043129 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043130 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043131 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043132 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043133 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043134 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043135 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043136 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043137 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043138 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043139 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043140 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043141 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043142 United States United States United States United States
Hap10043143 Australia Bolivia Unspecified Bolivia
Hap10043144 Brazil Brazil Unspecified Brazil
Hap10043145 Brazil Brazil Unspecified Brazil
Hap10043146 Chile Chile Unspecified Chile
Hap10043147 Panama Chile Unspecified Chile
Hap10043148 Colombia Colombia Unspecified Colombia
Hap10043149 Cuba Cuba Unspecified Cuba
Hap10043150 Cuba Cuba Unspecified Cuba
Hap10043151 Ecuador Ecuador Unspecified Ecuador
Hap10043152 Mexico Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043153 Mexico Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043154 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043155 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043156 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043157 Peru Peru Unspecified Peru
Hap10043158 Peru Peru Unspecified Peru
Hap10043159 Peru Peru Unspecified Peru
Hap10043160 Mexico United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043161 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043162 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043163 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043164 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043165 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043166 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043167 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043168 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043169 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043170 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043171 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043172 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043173 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043174 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043175 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10043176 Guatemala Unspecified Unspecified Guatemala
Hap10043177 Argentina Unspecified Unspecified Argentina
Hap10043178 Brazil Unspecified Unspecified Brazil
Hap10043179 Colombia Unspecified Unspecified Colombia
Hap10043180 Guatemala Unspecified Unspecified Guatemala
Hap10043181 Mexico Unspecified Unspecified Mexico
Hap10043182 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043183 Peru Unspecified Unspecified Peru
Hap10043184 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10043185 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10043186 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10043187 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043188 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043189 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043190 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043191 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043192 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043193 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043194 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043195 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043196 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043197 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043198 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043199 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043200 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043201 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043202 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043203 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043204 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043205 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043206 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043207 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043208 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043209 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043210 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043211 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043212 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043213 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043214 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043215 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043216 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043217 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043218 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043219 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043220 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043221 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043222 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043223 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043224 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043225 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043226 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043227 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043228 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043229 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043230 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043231 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043232 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043233 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043234 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043235 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043236 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043237 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043238 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043239 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043240 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043241 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043242 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043243 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043244 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043245 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043246 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043247 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043248 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043249 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043250 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043251 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043252 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043253 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043254 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043255 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043256 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043257 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043258 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043259 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043260 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043261 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043262 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043263 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043264 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043265 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043266 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043267 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043268 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043269 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043270 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043271 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043272 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043273 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043274 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043275 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043276 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043277 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043278 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043279 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043280 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043281 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043282 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043283 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043284 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043285 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043286 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043287 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043288 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043290 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043291 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043293 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043294 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043295 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043296 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043297 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043298 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043299 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043300 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043301 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043302 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043303 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043304 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043305 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043306 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043307 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043308 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043309 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043310 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043311 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043312 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043313 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043314 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043315 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043316 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043317 Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|