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B4b

Summary

Age: 28,712.2 ± 4,821.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G499A G4820A G13590A
Parent Branch: B4b'd'e'j
Descendant branch(s): B2 B4b1

Background

Haplogroup B4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 23,900 and 33,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01B4b499 4820 13590Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4b499 4820 13590Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4b499 4820 13590Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4b499 4820 13590Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4b499 4820 13590Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4b499 4820 13590Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4b499 4820 13590Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4b499 4820 13590Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4b499 4820 13590Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4b499 4820 13590Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4b499 4820 13590Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4bG499A G4820A G13590AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4bG499A G4820A G13590AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4bG499A G4820A G13590AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4bG499A G4820A G13590AReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10044372United StatesChinaChinaChina
Hap10044373UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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