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B4a2a

Summary

Age: 12,661.5 ± 5,188.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4823C T16324C
Parent Branch: B4a2
Descendant branch(s): B4a2a1 B4a2a2 B4a2a3

Background

Haplogroup B4a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,500 and 17,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01B4a2a4823 16324Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4a2a4823 16324Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4a2a4823 16324Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4a2a4823 16324Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4a2a4823 16324Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4a2a4823 16324Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4a2a4823 16324Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4a2a4823 16324Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4a2a4823 16324Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4a2a4823 16324Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4a2a4823 16324Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4a2aT4823C T16324CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4a2aT4823C T16324CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4a2aT4823C T16324CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4a2aT4823C T16324CReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011163Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:3693, 8251, 16154, 16189
Hap5011181Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:3693, 8251, 16154, 16189
Hap5011280Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:151, 8218, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011281Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11404, 14025, 16189
Hap5011354Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 12406N, 16189, 16272
Hap5011355Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011358Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011364Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:146, 8281-8289dB4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272, 16288
Hap5011365Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011368Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011375Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011378Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011383Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 14821, 16189, 16272
Hap5011387Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011388Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:11992, 12366, 15924N, 16129N, 16189, 16272
Hap5011389Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011434Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:3209, 5147, 9129A, 16189
Hap5011488Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011504Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011545Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289dB4a2a:3693, 5773, 12634, 16154, 16189
Hap5011558Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011578Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011582Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011588Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:5054, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011589Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:3736, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011591Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011592Ko et al., 2014B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011724Loo et al., 2011B4a2a:16129B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5824, 6131, 6167, 15777, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5011730Loo et al., 2011B4a2a:16129B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16182-16183d, 16561-16569d
Hap5017565Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011bB4a2a:16278B4a2a:291d, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1598, 10047N, 10048N, 14364, 16180C, 16183C
Hap5017575Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011bB4a2a:16278B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1598, 14364, 16178N, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5018008Soares et al., 2011noneB4a2a:523-524d
Hap5018033Soares et al., 2011noneB4a2a:523-524d, 3693, 5773, 16154
Hap5022112Trejaut et al. 2005B4a2a:146B4a2a:309.1CC, 523-524d, 545, 11992, 12366, 16182C, 16183C, 16272
Hap5022113Trejaut et al. 2005B4a2a:16129B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16182-16183d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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