B4a2a

Summary

Age: 12,661.5 ± 5,188.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4823C T16324C
Parent Branch: B4a2
Descendant branch(s): B4a2a1 B4a2a2 B4a2a3

Background

Haplogroup B4a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,500 and 17,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4a2a 4823 16324 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4a2a T4823C T16324C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B4a2a T4823C T16324C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4a2a T4823C T16324C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4a2a T4823C T16324C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011163 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:3693, 8251, 16154, 16189
Hap5011181 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:3693, 8251, 16154, 16189
Hap5011280 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:151, 8218, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011281 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11404, 14025, 16189
Hap5011354 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 12406N, 16189, 16272
Hap5011355 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011358 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011364 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:146, 8281-8289d B4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272, 16288
Hap5011365 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011368 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:545, 11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011375 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011378 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011383 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 14821, 16189, 16272
Hap5011387 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011388 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:11992, 12366, 15924N, 16129N, 16189, 16272
Hap5011389 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011434 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:3209, 5147, 9129A, 16189
Hap5011488 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011504 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:11992, 12366, 16189, 16272
Hap5011545 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d B4a2a:3693, 5773, 12634, 16154, 16189
Hap5011558 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011578 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011582 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011588 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:5054, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011589 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:3736, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011591 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011592 Ko et al., 2014 B4a2a:8281-8289d, 16129 B4a2a:5824, 6131, 15777, 16189
Hap5011724 Loo et al., 2011 B4a2a:16129 B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5824, 6131, 6167, 15777, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5011730 Loo et al., 2011 B4a2a:16129 B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16182-16183d, 16561-16569d
Hap5017565 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011b B4a2a:16278 B4a2a:291d, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1598, 10047N, 10048N, 14364, 16180C, 16183C
Hap5017575 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011b B4a2a:16278 B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1598, 14364, 16178N, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5018008 Soares et al., 2011 none B4a2a:523-524d
Hap5018033 Soares et al., 2011 none B4a2a:523-524d, 3693, 5773, 16154
Hap5022112 Trejaut et al. 2005 B4a2a:146 B4a2a:309.1CC, 523-524d, 545, 11992, 12366, 16182C, 16183C, 16272
Hap5022113 Trejaut et al. 2005 B4a2a:16129 B4a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5824, 6131, 15777, 16182-16183d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|