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B4a1c3a

Summary

Age: 2,080.1 ± 2,032.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T310C C3960T A4203G C5263T C7927T T15479C G16000A C16266g
Parent Branch: B4a1c3
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup B4a1c3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between and 4,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01B4a1c33960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 27 Aug 2008
02B4a1c33960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 14 Oct 2008
05B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 8 Jul 2009
06B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 28 Sep 2009
07B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 10 Nov 2009
08B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 21 Mar 2010
09B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 20 Jun 2010
10B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 10 Aug 2010
11B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 7 Feb 2011
12B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 20 Jul 2011
13B4a1c3a310 3960 4203 5263 7927 15479 16000 16266GReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4a1c3aT310C C3960T A4203G C5263T C7927T T15479C G16000A C16266gReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4a1c3aT310C C3960T A4203G C5263T C7927T T15479C G16000A C16266gReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4a1c3aT310C C3960T A4203G C5263T C7927T T15479C G16000A C16266gReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4a1c3aT310C C3960T A4203G C5263T C7927T T15479C G16000A C16266gReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005498Bilal et al., 2008noneB4a1c3a:523-524d, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5005550Bilal et al., 2008B4a1c3a:310B4a1c3a:310-311d, 523-524d, 3221, 16182C, 16183C, 16319
Hap5010772Kazuno et al., 2005B4a1c3a:310B4a1c3a:310d, 523-524d, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5014735Tanaka et al., 2004B4a1c3a:310B4a1c3a:310-311d, 523-524d, 6278, 12210, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5014984Tanaka et al., 2004B4a1c3a:310B4a1c3a:310d, 523-524d, 16182C, 16183C, 16212

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10044343UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10044344UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10044345UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10044346UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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