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Age: 56,523.5 ± 2,081.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Southwestern Asia
Mutations: T12705C T16223C
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): B4'5 JT P R0 R1 R12'21 R14 R2 R2'JT R22 R23 R24 R30 R31 R32 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 U


Haplogroup R is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 54,400 and 58,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01R12705 16223Released 27 Aug 2008
02R12705 16223Released 14 Oct 2008
03R12705 16223Released 1 Mar 2009
04R12705 16223Released 10 May 2009
05R12705 16223Released 8 Jul 2009
06R12705 16223Released 28 Sep 2009
07R12705 16223Released 10 Nov 2009
08R12705 16223Released 21 Mar 2010
09R12705 16223Released 20 Jun 2010
10R12705 16223Released 10 Aug 2010
11R12705 16223Released 7 Feb 2011
12R12705 16223Released 20 Jul 2011
13R12705 16223Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14RT12705C T16223CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15RT12705C T16223CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16RT12705C T16223CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17RT12705C T16223CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5006965Delfin et al., 2014R:146, 10398, 16129R:146N, 309d, 315.1C, 316N, 322N, 480N, 499N, 523-524d, 3492N, 3571N, 3970N, 6392N, 9554N, 10310N, 10398N, 10609N, 13759N, 15301N, 16129N, 16217N, 16362N
Hap5011299Ko et al., 2014R:10398R:6863, 8400, 14410, 14883, 15381, 16150, 16217, 16240, 16261, 16519
Hap5012344Pradutkanchana et al., 2011R:16129R:182, 315.1C, 338, 6962, 7202, 9063, 9350, 9449, 10454, 12285, 13326, 13830, 14470, 15258, 16093, 16172
Hap5014017Schönberg et al., 2011R:146, 152, 16129R:60d, 81, 150, 283, 302d, 310d, 451d, 593d, 3006N, 3008N, 3160d, 4928N, 5201N, 5348N, 5894d, 6371N, 7028N, 8320N, 10099N, 11719N, 11976N, 12654, 14305, 16071, 16355, 16357, 16519
Hap5014018Schönberg et al., 2011R:152R:60d, 150, 302d, 310d, 451d, 593d, 3006, 3008, 3014T, 3017G, 3019T, 3021N, 3160d, 4216N, 5894d, 10956N, 11251N, 11467N, 11719N, 12236N, 12654N, 13708N, 14047N, 14305N, 14766N, 15106N, 16071N, 16229, 16234
Hap5023488Young et al., 2006R:10398R:249d, 263, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1555, 12882, 14178, 14668, 14693, 14766, 16304G

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2017 at 15:44 pm


Peoples: | Places: Eurasia and Levantine

2017-10-14T15:44:23+00:00 June 6th, 2016|