Age: 1,741.8 ± 3,454.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C338T
Parent Branch: Y2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup Y2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
06 Y2b 338 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Y2b 338 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Y2b 338 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Y2b 338 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Y2b 338 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Y2b 338 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 Y2b 338 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 Y2b 338 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Y2b C338T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Y2b C338T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Y2b C338T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Y2b C338T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010748 Kazuno et al., 2005 none Y2b:315.1C, 523-524d, 8383, 16519
Hap5015087 Tanaka et al., 2004 none Y2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015784 Derenko et al., 2007 none Y2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16274, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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