Age: 4,929.5 ± 2,789.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T12161C
Parent Branch: Y2
Descendant branch(s): Y2a1


Haplogroup Y2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
06 Y2a 12161 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Y2a 12161 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Y2a 12161 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Y2a 12161 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Y2a 12161 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Y2a 12161 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 Y2a 12161 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 Y2a 12161 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Y2a T12161C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Y2a T12161C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Y2a T12161C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Y2a T12161C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007038 Delfin et al., 2014 none Y2a:309.1CN, 310, 12857N, 16093
Hap5011151 Ko et al., 2014 none Y2a:4824, 16519
Hap5011168 Ko et al., 2014 none Y2a:4824, 16519
Hap5011532 Ko et al., 2014 none Y2a:3882, 16519
Hap5014502 Tabbada et al., 2010 none Y2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7786, 11512A, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101418 United States Philippines Unspecified Philippines

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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