Y2

Summary

Age: 7,279.3 ± 2,894.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T482C G5147A T6941C G7859A A14914G A15244G T16311C!
Parent Branch: Y
Descendant branch(s): Y2a Y2b

Background

Haplogroup Y2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,400 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 Y2 482 523-524d 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 Y2 482 523-524d 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 10 May 2009
05 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 Y2 482 5147 6941 7859 14914 15244 16311 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Y2 T482C G5147A T6941C G7859A A14914G A15244G T16311C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Y2 T482C G5147A T6941C G7859A A14914G A15244G T16311C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Y2 T482C G5147A T6941C G7859A A14914G A15244G T16311C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Y2 T482C G5147A T6941C G7859A A14914G A15244G T16311C! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011661 Kong et al., 2006 Y2:146 Y2:150, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7270, 13227, 16172, 16519
Hap5015046 Tanaka et al., 2004 none Y2:309.1C, 315.1C, 5435, 10190, 16150
Hap5015798 Derenko et al., 2007 none Y2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6272, 11641, 15773, 16192, 16519
Hap5017855 Yu et al., 2010b none Y2:315.1C, 523-524d, 644, 4944, 13174, 14484, 16519
Hap5023685 Zheng et al., 2011 Y2:5147, 8392 Y2:310, 4769, 5147N, 5435, 8860, 10190, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101415 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101416 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101417 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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