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Age: 5,730.4 ± 3,113.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4386C G12007A C16111T
Parent Branch: N9a
Descendant branch(s): N9a10 N9a11 N9a1a


Haplogroup N9a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,600 and 8,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N9a14386 12007 16111Released 27 Aug 2008
02N9a14386 12007 16111Released 14 Oct 2008
03N9a14386 12007 16111Released 1 Mar 2009
04N9a14386 12007 16111Released 10 May 2009
05N9a14386 12007 16111Released 8 Jul 2009
06N9a14386 12007 16111Released 28 Sep 2009
07N9a14386 12007 16111Released 10 Nov 2009
08N9a14386 12007 16111Released 21 Mar 2010
09N9a14386 12007 16111Released 20 Jun 2010
10N9a14386 12007 16111Released 10 Aug 2010
11N9a14386 12007 16111Released 7 Feb 2011
12N9a14386 12007 16111Released 20 Jul 2011
13N9a14386 12007 16111Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N9a1T4386C G12007A C16111TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N9a1T4386C G12007A C16111TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N9a1T4386C G12007A C16111TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N9a1T4386C G12007A C16111TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007745Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneN9a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7897, 8462, 16519
Hap5011253Ko et al., 2014noneN9a1:9541, 13966
Hap5014584Tanaka et al., 2004N9a1:195N9a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8265, 13810, 16519
Hap5015049Tanaka et al., 2004noneN9a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5017615Sukernik et al., 2012noneN9a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1692, 16519
Hap5018472Derenko et al., 2012noneN9a1:200, 315.1C, 6923, 8020, 10640, 16519
Hap5018482Derenko et al., 2012noneN9a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8383, 9163, 11488, 16519
Hap5023465Zheng et al., 2011noneN9a1:513, 709, 13578, 16093, 16519
Hap5023466Zheng et al., 2011noneN9a1:310N, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072222Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10072223Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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