N21

Summary

Age: 22,351.3 ± 9,024.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193T
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): N21a

Background

Haplogroup N21 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,300 and 31,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 16519 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 16519 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 Released 10 May 2009
05 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223! 16291 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223! 16291 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 N21 55A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223! 16291 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 N21 150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 N21 150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 N21 150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 N21 150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 N21 150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 N21 C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 N21 C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 N21 C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 N21 C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016716 Peng et al., 2010 N21:195, 16129 N21:315.1C, 523-524d, 15244, 16325
Hap5016720 Peng et al., 2010 N21:195, 10398 N21:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 731, 2857, 3335, 7424, 7759, 8149, 10172, 11950, 15519
Hap5016734 Peng et al., 2010 none N21:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7220, 13753, 15619, 16234, 16259
Hap5016736 Kong et al., 2011 N21:195 N21:315.1C, 8406, 9325, 11440, 15043, 16182, 16260

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072184 Myanmar Myanmar Myanmar Myanmar
Hap10072185 Philippines Philippines Philippines Philippines
Hap10072186 Philippines Philippines Unspecified Philippines
Hap10072187 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072188 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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