Age: 7,052.5 ± 3,025.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A10097G T16362C
Parent Branch: W5
Descendant branch(s): W5a1 W5a2


Haplogroup W5a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,000 and 10,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
03 W5a 10097 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 W5a 10097 Released 10 May 2009
05 W5a 10097 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 W5a 10097 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 W5a 10097 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 W5a 10097 16362 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 W5a 10097 16362 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W5a 10097 16362 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W5a 10097 16362 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W5a 10097 16362 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W5a 10097 16362 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W5a A10097G T16362C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W5a A10097G T16362C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W5a A10097G T16362C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W5a A10097G T16362C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001185 Behar et al., 2012b W5a:10398 W5a:315.1C
Hap5013081 Raule et al., 2014 W5a:189, 194, 207, 709, 1243, 5046 W5a:7028, 10506, 13135, 15217, 16239

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10099396 Unspecified United States Russia Russia
Hap10099397 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099398 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099399 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099400 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10099401 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099402 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099403 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099404 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099405 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099406 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099407 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099408 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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