Haplogroup N10a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 15,100 and 28,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|11||N10a||185 189 3543 3873 4562 7853 10373 12136 13434 13928C 14953 15211 16189||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||N10a||185 189 3543 3873 4562 7853 10373 12136 13434 13928C 14953 15211 16189||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||N10a||185 189 3543 3873 4562 7853 10373 12136 13434 13928C 14953 15211 16189||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||N10a||G185A A189G C3543T A3873G A4562G G7853A G10373A T12136C A13434G G13928c C14953T C15211T T16189C!||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||N10a||G185A A189G C3543T A3873G A4562G G7853A G10373A T12136C A13434G G13928c C14953T C15211T T16189C!||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||N10a||G185A A189G C3543T A3873G A4562G G7853A G10373A T12136C A13434G G13928c C14953T C15211T T16189C!||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||N10a||G185A A189G C3543T A3873G A4562G G7853A G10373A T12136C A13434G G13928c C14953T C15211T T16189C!||Released 18 Feb 2016|
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5017221||Kong et al., 2011||none||N10a:291.1A, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6314, 9899, 9989, 13500, 14022, 15229, 16182C, 16183C, 16519|
|Hap5017242||Kong et al., 2011||N10a:195||N10a:234, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3861, 8994, 9248, 9861, 10031, 11318, 13194, 14392, 16111, 16183C, 16209, 16224|
|Hap5023463||Zheng et al., 2011||N10a:195, 16311||N10a:234, 523-524d, 3861, 8994, 9248, 9532N, 9861, 11318, 13194, 14158, 14392, 16111, 16183C|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American Journal of Human Genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Kong, Qing-Peng; Sun, Chang; Wang, Hua-Wei; Zhao, Mian; Wang, Wen-Zhi; Zhong, Li; Hao, Xiao-Dan; Pan, Hui; Wang, Sha-Yan; Cheng, Yao-Ting; Zhu, Chun-Ling; Wu, Shi-Fang; Liu, Li-Na; Jin, Jie-Qiong; Yao, Yong-Gang & Zhang, Ya-Ping (2011). Large-Scale mtDNA Screening Reveals a Surprising Matrilineal Complexity in East Asia and Its Implications to the Peopling of the Region. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28(1), 513-522.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Zheng, Hong-Xiang; Yan, Shi; Qin, Zhen-Dong; Wang, Yi; Tan, Jing-Ze; Li, Hui & Jin, Li (2011). Major Population Expansion of East Asians Began before Neolithic Time: Evidence of mtDNA Genomes. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e25835+.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup N
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup N
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am
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