Age: 15,115.7 ± 4,127.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5074C C16148T
Parent Branch: I5
Descendant branch(s): I5a1 I5a2 I5a3 I5a4


Haplogroup I5a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,000 and 19,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 I5a 5074 16148 Released 10 May 2009
05 I5a 5074 16148 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 I5a 5074 16148 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 I5a 5074 16148 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 I5a 5074 16148 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 I5a 5074 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 I5a 5074 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 I5a 5074 16148 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 I5a 5074 16148 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 I5a 5074 16148 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 I5a T5074C C16148T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 I5a T5074C C16148T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 I5a T5074C C16148T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 I5a T5074C C16148T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10049794 Finland Finland Finland Finland
Hap10049795 Iraq Iraq Iraq Iraq
Hap10049796 United States United States Turkey Turkey
Hap10049797 United States United States United States United States
Hap10049798 Canada Unspecified Unspecified Canada
Hap10049799 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10049800 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10049801 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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