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Age: 1,804.4 ± 2,457.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T13461C
Parent Branch: A5a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup A5a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01A5a213461Released 27 Aug 2008
02A5a213461Released 14 Oct 2008
03A5a213461Released 1 Mar 2009
04A5a213461Released 10 May 2009
05A5a213461Released 8 Jul 2009
06A5a213461Released 28 Sep 2009
07A5a213461Released 10 Nov 2009
08A5a213461Released 21 Mar 2010
09A5a213461Released 20 Jun 2010
10A5a213461Released 10 Aug 2010
11A5a213461Released 7 Feb 2011
12A5a213461Released 20 Jul 2011
13A5a213461Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A5a2T13461CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A5a2T13461CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A5a2T13461CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A5a2T13461CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000740Behar et al., 2008cA5a2:16189, 16230, 16278, 16290, 16311, 16319A5a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 16166-16319d, 16519
Hap5014663Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1420, 16519
Hap5015114Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015190Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015364Ueno et al., 2009noneA5a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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