A5a

Summary

Age: 8,026.7 ± 2,396.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: 2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T!
Parent Branch: A5
Descendant branch(s): A5a1 A5a2 A5a3 A5a4 A5a5

Background

Haplogroup A5a is an East Asian branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,600 and 10,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Information in published studies comes from four papers. In all, the members maternal origin is Japan (Bilal et al., 2008, Mikami et al., 2013, Tanaka et al., 2004, Zheng et al., 2011).

The Geno 2 data set includes participants with maternal origins in China, South Korea, and Japan.

This is consistent with links between the Han in mainland China being linked to the Japanese and Koreans.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 A5a 152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 A5a 152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 A5a 152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 A5a 152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 10 May 2009
05 A5a 152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 A5a 152! 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 A5a 152! 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 A5a 152! 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 A5a 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 A5a 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 A5a 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 A5a 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 A5a 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 A5a 2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 A5a 2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 A5a 2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A5a 2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005539 Bilal et al., 2008 none A5a:315.1C, 523-524d, 13759, 14757, 16209, 16519
Hap5011907 Mikami et al., 2013 none A5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5014588 Tanaka et al., 2004 none A5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5014645 Tanaka et al., 2004 none A5a:153, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015017 Tanaka et al., 2004 none A5a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9386, 14094, 16519
Hap5015066 Tanaka et al., 2004 none A5a:315.1C, 523-524d, 629, 5582, 16519
Hap5015206 Tanaka et al., 2004 none A5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5022292 Zheng et al., 2011 A5a:195 A5a:523-524d, 9488, 15519, 16295

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10042995 China China China China
Hap10042996 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10042997 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10042998 United States Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South
Hap10042999 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043000 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043001 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043002 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043003 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043004 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10043005 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: August 13, 2016 at 21:42 pm

Keywords

Peoples: | Places: China, Japan, and Korea

2016-08-13T21:42:23+00:00 June 6th, 2016|