A2i

Summary

Age: 14,089.1 ± 2,378.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325C
Parent Branch: A2
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup A2i is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 11,700 and 16,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 A2i 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 16325 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 A2i 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 16325 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 A2i (94) 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 A2i (94) 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 10 May 2009
05 A2i (94) 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 A2i (94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 A2i 94 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 A2i G94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 A2i G94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 A2i G94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A2i G94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001809 Behar et al., 2012b none A2i:315.1C, 523-524d, 16189Y
Hap5003231 Behar et al., 2012b none A2i:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8854
Hap5007521 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none A2i:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12444, 12996
Hap5007811 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none A2i:315.1C, 523-524d, 8566
Hap5009474 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 A2i:64, 94, 152, 153, 195, 235, 247, 3307.1A, 3308, 16111, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16290, 16311, 16319, 16325, 16362 A2i:1-576d, 3308A, 3312.1C, 16024-16569d
Hap5015946 Achilli et al., 2008 none A2i:315.1C, 523-524d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10042240 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042241 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042242 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042243 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042244 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042245 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042246 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042247 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042248 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042249 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042250 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042251 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10042252 Cuba Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10042253 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10042254 United States United States United States United States
Hap10042255 United States United States United States United States
Hap10042256 United States United States United States United States
Hap10042257 United States United States United States United States
Hap10042258 United States United States United States United States
Hap10042259 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10042260 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10042261 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10042262 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10042263 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10042264 Canada United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10042265 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10042266 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10042267 Canada Unspecified Unspecified Canada
Hap10042268 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10042269 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10042270 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042271 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042272 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042273 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042274 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042275 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042276 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042277 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042278 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042279 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042280 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042281 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042282 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042283 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042284 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042285 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042286 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042287 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042288 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042290 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042291 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042293 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042294 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042295 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042296 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042297 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042298 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042299 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042300 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042301 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042302 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042303 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10042304 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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