A2d

Summary

Age: 10,850.3 ± 3,891.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C6308T
Parent Branch: A2
Descendant branch(s): A2d1 A2d2

Background

Haplogroup A2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,000 and 14,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 A2d 6308 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 A2d 6308 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 A2d 6308 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 A2d 6308 Released 10 May 2009
05 A2d 6308 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 A2d 6308 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 A2d 6308 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 A2d 6308 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 A2d 6308 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 A2d 6308 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 A2d 6308 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 A2d 6308 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 A2d 6308 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 A2d C6308T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 A2d C6308T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 A2d C6308T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A2d C6308T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010418 Just et al., 2008 A2d:16111 A2d:51, 309.1CN, 315.1C, 523-524d, 959, 16519
Hap5014211 Sequeira et al., 2015 none A2d:183, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3316, 4655, 6366, 8108, 9160, 16287, 16468, 16519
Hap5017626 Kumar et al., 2011 none A2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5972, 9612C, 16153, 16519
Hap5017666 Kumar et al., 2011 A2d:16111 A2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5017693 Kumar et al., 2011 A2d:16129 A2d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10041946 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10041947 United States Territories Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10041948 Australia Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10041949 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10041950 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10041951 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10041952 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10041953 United States Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10041954 United States United States United States United States
Hap10041955 United States United States United States United States
Hap10041956 United States United States United States United States
Hap10041957 United States United States United States United States
Hap10041958 United States United States United States United States
Hap10041959 Mexico Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10041960 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10041961 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10041962 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10041963 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10041964 United Kingdom Unspecified Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10041965 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10041966 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10041967 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041968 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041969 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041970 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041971 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041972 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041973 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041974 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041975 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041976 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041977 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041978 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041979 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041980 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041981 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041982 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041983 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041984 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041985 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041986 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041987 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041988 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041989 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041990 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041991 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041992 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041993 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041994 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041995 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041996 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041997 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041998 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041999 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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