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Age: Undetermined
Origin: The Americas
Mutations: C16168T T16209C
Parent Branch: A2af1b1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup A2af1b1b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

15A2af1b1bC16168T T16209CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A2af1b1bC16168T T16209CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A2af1b1bC16168T T16209CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5019234Perego et al., 2012A2af1b1b:64A2af1b1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1371.1T, 16519
Hap5019235Perego et al., 2012A2af1b1b:64A2af1b1b:114, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10041731United StatesPanamaPanamaPanama

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: December 7, 2017 at 6:59 am


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2017-12-07T06:59:08+00:00 June 6th, 2016|