A2a5

Summary

Age: 1,000 years ± 750 years (Achilli et al., 2013)
Origin: North America
Mutations: T3552C T12166C A16233G A16331G C16362T!
Parent Branch: A2a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup A2a5 is an Native Americas branch on the maternal tree of humanity. This young branch of the tree was born between 250 and 1,750 years ago to a woman who lived among the Athabaskan language speakers in what is now Canada. (Achilli et al., 2013)

Information on the lineage comes from two published studies. The first found the lineage in the Apache population of New Mexico and Arizona (Tamm et al., 2007). The second study was Achilli et al., 2013. The authors did extensive testing of maternal lineages of native peoples in North America. They found members of the lineage in the Navajo of the American Southwest and the Cree and Secwepemc (Shuswap) of Canada. All of these speak languages that belong to the Athabaskan language family. They also found members of the line in the general population in the United States states of New Mexico, Arizona, California, and Texas.

In the Geno 2 data set, members of this line have maternal origins in Canada, Mexico, and the United States.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
16 A2a5 T3552C T12166C A16233G A16331G C16362T! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A2a5 T3552C T12166C A16233G A16331G C16362T! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5014545 Tamm et al., 2007 none A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5020754 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5020755 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5020756 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5020757 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5020758 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16189Y, 16519
Hap5020759 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:315.1C, 523-524d, 15664, 16189Y, 16519
Hap5020760 Achilli et al., 2013 A2a5:16189 A2a5:315.1C, 523-524d, 15664, 16188.1Y, 16519
Hap5020761 Achilli et al., 2013 A2a5:16189 A2a5:315.1C, 523-524d, 15664, 16188.1Y, 16519
Hap5020762 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7797, 15664, 16189Y, 16519
Hap5020763 Achilli et al., 2013 A2a5:152 A2a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16331R
Hap5020764 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:159, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5020765 Achilli et al., 2013 none A2a5:159, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10041565 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10041566 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10041567 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10041568 United States United States Mexico Mexico
Hap10041569 United States United States United States United States
Hap10041570 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10041571 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041572 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041573 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10041574 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: August 17, 2016 at 20:19 pm

Keywords

Peoples: Apache, Athabaskan, Cree, Na Dane, Navajo, and Secwepemc | Places: Canada, North America, and United States

2016-08-17T20:19:25+00:00 June 6th, 2016|