Haplogroup A13 is an Asia branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age and precise origin are not yet clear.
In published studies, members of this line come from a diverse group of populations within Asia. In Siberia, it is part of the populations of the Buryat and the Khamnigan (Derenko et al., 2007). Hartmann et al., 2008 found it in the Naxi (Nakhi) people. A medical study included two members of the lineage but only specifies that they are Chinese (Wang CY et al., 2007). Finally, it is present in Japan (Mikami et al., 2013).
Geno 2 data includes two members of the lineage with maternal origins in China.
It is possible that the lineage originated in the Mongolian peoples of Sibera and spread to the Naxi and also to the Japanese.
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|11||A4c1||3504||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||A4c1||3504||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||A4c||3504||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||A4c||T3504C||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||A4c||T3504C||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||A13||T3504C||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||A13||T3504C||Released 18 Feb 2016|
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5005538||Bilal et al., 2008||A13:3504||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1005, 4231, 16519|
|Hap5009390||Hartmann et al., 2008||none||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3150, 8756, 11809, 13215, 15672, 16124, 16519|
|Hap5011903||Mikami et al., 2013||A13:3504||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519|
|Hap5015749||Wang CY et al., 2007||none||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3150, 8756, 15672, 16124, 16519|
|Hap5015750||Wang CY et al., 2007||none||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3150, 8756, 15672, 16124, 16519|
|Hap5015751||Wang CY et al., 2007||none||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3150, 8756, 15672, 16124, 16519|
|Hap5015773||Derenko et al., 2007||A13:146, 3504||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3316, 9036, 10410, 10565, 10882, 13437, 16519|
|Hap5015781||Derenko et al., 2007||A13:146, 3504||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3316, 9036, 10410, 10565, 10882, 13437, 16519|
|Hap5015805||Derenko et al., 2007||A13:3504, 16311||A13:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 789, 8382, 9578N, 10750, 16297|
|Hap5017000||Wang CY et al., 2011||A13:1736||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9091, 9804, 13780, 16166d, 16519|
|Hap5017001||Wang CY et al., 2011||A13:1736||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9091, 9804, 13780, 16166d, 16519|
|Hap5017002||Wang CY et al., 2011||A13:1736||A13:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9091, 9804, 13780, 16166d, 16519|
|Hap5017269||Sharma V et al., 2012||A13:3504||A13:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American Journal of Human Genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Bilal, E., Rabadan, R., Alexe, G., Fuku, N., Ueno, H., Nishigaki, Y., Fujita, Y., Ito, M., Arai, Y., Hirose, N. & Ruckenstein, A. (2008). Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup D4a Is a Marker for Extreme Longevity in Japan. PLoS ONE, 3(6), e2421.
- Derenko, M., Malyarchuk, B., Grzybowski, T., Denisova, G., Dambueva, I., Perkova, M., Dorzhu, C., Luzina, F., Lee, H.K., Vanecek, T. and Villems, R. (2007). Phylogeographic Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA in Northern Asian Populations. American Journal of Human Genetics, 81(5), 1025-1041.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Hartmann, A., Thieme, M., Nanduri, L.K., Stempfl, T., Moehle, C., Kivisild, T. and Oefner, P.J. (2008). Validation of microarray-based resequencing of 93 worldwide mitochondrial genomes. Human mutation, 30(1), 115-122.
- Mikami, E., Fuku, N., Kong, Q.P., Takahashi, H., Ohiwa, N., Murakami, H., Miyachi, M., Higuchi, M., Tanaka, M., Pitsiladis, Y.P. and Kawahara, T. (2013). Comprehensive analysis of common and rare mitochondrial DNA variants in elite Japanese athletes: a case–control study. Journal of human genetics, 58(12), 780-787.
- - (2012). A Direct Submission to GenBank by Sharma V et al., 2012. , unpublished, unpublished.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Wang, C.Y., Wang, H.W., Yao, Y.G., Kong, Q.P. and Zhang, Y.P. (2007). Somatic mutations of mitochondrial genome in early stage breast cancer. International journal of cancer, 121(6), 1253-1256.
- Wang, C.Y., Li, H., Hao, X.D., Liu, J., Wang, J.X., Wang, W.Z., Kong, Q.P. and Zhang, Y.P. (2011). Uncovering the Profile of Somatic mtDNA Mutations in Chinese Colorectal Cancer Patients. PLoS ONE, 6(6), e21613.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup A2
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup A
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Last updated: August 12, 2016 at 13:16 pm
Peoples: Nakhi | Places: Buryat, China, Japan, Khamnigan, and Siberia