Age: 17,349.2 ± 4,538.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Tibetan Plateau
Mutations: C9650T A16293c
Parent Branch: A
Descendant branch(s): A11a A11b


Haplogroup A11 is an Asian branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 12,800 and 21,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Published studies include one person from this lineage who is not one of its two daughter branches. They are from Shannan. (Qin et al., 2010)

Geno 2 data does not have a participant from this line.

This line was likely born in the Tibetan Plateau based on the origins for its daughter lines.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
08 A11 9650 16293C Released 21 Mar 2010
09 A11 9650 16293C Released 20 Jun 2010
10 A11 9650 16293C Released 10 Aug 2010
11 A11 9650 16293C Released 7 Feb 2011
12 A11 9650 16293C Released 20 Jul 2011
13 A11 9650 16293C Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 A11 C9650T A16293c Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 A11 C9650T A16293c Released 30 Sep 2012
16 A11 C9650T A16293c Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A11 C9650T A16293c Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5012411 Qin et al. 2010 A11:663 A11:186, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 750, 4901, 13638, 14110, 14527, 16234, 16318T, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: August 14, 2016 at 19:38 pm


Peoples: | Places: Tibetan Plateau

2016-08-14T19:38:59+00:00 June 6th, 2016|