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Age: 4,891.2 ± 3,436.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Asia
Mutations: T4928C
Parent Branch: A1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup A1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. It is between 1,500 and 8,300 years old (Behar et al 2012b).

This lineage has been found in two published studies. The first is medical (Hartmann et al., 2008). The second found members in the Kizhi and the Buryat of Siberia (Derenko et al., 2007).

The Geno 2 dataset does not currently include members of this lineage.

Considering the origins of available samples and those of the parent branch, this lineage may have been part of a westward migration from East Asia. Alternatively, it may have been born in its current Siberian homeland.

It is worth noting that prior to Phylotree build 16 this lineage was known in published literature as A4a1a.

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 A4a1 4928 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 A4a1 4928 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 A4a1a 4928 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 A4a1a 4928 Released 10 May 2009
05 A4a1a 4928 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 A4a1a 4928 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 A4a1a 4928 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 A4a1a 4928 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 A4a1a 4928 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 A4a1a 4928 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 A4a1a 4928 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 A4a1a 4928 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 A4a1a 4928 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 A4a1a T4928C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 A4a1a T4928C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 A1a1 T4928C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A1a1 T4928C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5009343 Hartmann et al., 2008 A1a1:235 A1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 771, 9756G, 16519
Hap5015760 Derenko et al., 2007 A1a1:235, 10915 A1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015769 Derenko et al., 2007 none A1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9776, 15043, 16519
Hap5015778 Derenko et al., 2007 A1a1:235 A1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 9756G, 16519
Hap5015785 Derenko et al., 2007 none A1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 15043, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: August 10, 2016 at 21:00 pm


Peoples: Buryat and Kizhi | Places: Siberia

2016-08-10T21:00:17+00:00 June 6th, 2016|