A

Summary

Age: 24,208.8 ± 4,905.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Asia
Mutations: A235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319A
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): A1 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A2 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26 A3 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9

Background

Haplogroup A is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 19,300 and 29,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b). Through historic migrations, A members are part of native populations across Asia and the Americas.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 A 152 235 523-524d 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 A 152 235 523-524d 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 A (152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 A (152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 10 May 2009
05 A (152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 A (152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 A (152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 A (152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 A 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 A 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 A 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 A 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 A 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 A A235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 A A235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 A A235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A A235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5022127 Kong et al., 2003 A:152 A:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4227, 7493, 8572, 9058, 12883, 16519
Hap5022204 Zheng et al., 2011 A:152 A:310N, 523-524d, 4314, 7298, 8531, 16093, 16179A, 16519
Hap5022205 Zheng et al., 2011 A:152 A:523-524d, 5512, 10646, 13590, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10040856 United States United States United States United States
Hap10040857 Afghanistan Afghanistan Unspecified Afghanistan
Hap10040858 Japan Japan Unspecified Japan
Hap10040859 Japan Japan Unspecified Japan
Hap10040860 United States Malaysia Unspecified Malaysia
Hap10040861 United States Poland Unspecified Poland
Hap10040862 China Unspecified Unspecified China
Hap10040863 Turkey Unspecified Unspecified Turkey
Hap10040864 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040865 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040866 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040867 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040868 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040869 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040870 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040871 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040872 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040873 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040874 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040875 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040876 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040877 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040878 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040879 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040880 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040881 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040882 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040883 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040884 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040885 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040886 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: August 10, 2016 at 18:04 pm

Keywords

Peoples: Native Americans | Places: Asia, North America, and South America

2016-08-10T18:04:24+00:00 June 6th, 2016|