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Age: 6,557.4 ± 2,102.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16158G
Parent Branch: M9a1b
Descendant branch(s): M9a1b1a M9a1b1b M9a1b1c


Haplogroup M9a1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,500 and 8,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

08M9a1b116158Released 21 Mar 2010
09M9a1b116158Released 20 Jun 2010
10M9a1b116158Released 10 Aug 2010
11M9a1b116158Released 7 Feb 2011
12M9a1b116158Released 20 Jul 2011
13M9a1b116158Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M9a1b1A16158GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M9a1b1A16158GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M9a1b1A16158GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M9a1b1A16158GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005945Chandrasekar et al., 2009M9a1b1:15671M9a1b1:315.1C, 709, 4922
Hap5005946Chandrasekar et al., 2009M9a1b1:16311M9a1b1:315.1C, 709, 4922
Hap5005952Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM9a1b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 9305, 10292A, 15094, 15299, 16093
Hap5005954Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM9a1b1:315.1C, 709, 1914
Hap5012392Qin et al. 2010noneM9a1b1:183, 309.1C, 315.1C, 15119, 15607
Hap5015575Zhao et al., 2009M9a1b1:16311M9a1b1:315.1C, 709, 10158G
Hap5015723Soares et al., 2008noneM9a1b1:237, 315.1C, 13246, 16093, 16176, 16398
Hap5016445Ji F et al., 2012nonenone
Hap5016737Peng et al., 2010noneM9a1b1:315.1C, 709, 710, 9611, 9716, 13153
Hap5017469Peng et al., 2011aM9a1b1:16311M9a1b1:315.1C, 709, 5147, 9611, 16069
Hap5018486Derenko et al., 2012M9a1b1:153M9a1b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5096, 9297A, 9478, 16224

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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