Age: 4,019.0 ± 4,099.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G7697A T16291C!
Parent Branch: M9a1a1c1
Descendant branch(s): M9a1a1c1b1 M9a1a1c1b2


Haplogroup M9a1a1c1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 8,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
08 M9a1a1c1b 7697 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M9a1a1c1b 7697 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M9a1a1c1b 7697 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M9a1a1c1b 7697 16291! Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M9a1a1c1b 7697 16291! Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M9a1a1c1b 7697 16291! Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M9a1a1c1b G7697A T16291C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M9a1a1c1b G7697A T16291C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M9a1a1c1b G7697A T16291C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M9a1a1c1b G7697A T16291C! Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071428 China China China China
Hap10071429 United States Unspecified India India

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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