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Age: 13,934.8 ± 2,812.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16316G
Parent Branch: M9a1
Descendant branch(s): M9a1a1 M9a1a2 M9a1a3


Haplogroup M9a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,100 and 16,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

08M9a1a16316Released 21 Mar 2010
09M9a1a16316Released 20 Jun 2010
10M9a1a16316Released 10 Aug 2010
11M9a1a16316Released 7 Feb 2011
12M9a1a16316Released 20 Jul 2011
13M9a1a16316Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M9a1aA16316GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M9a1aA16316GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M9a1aA16316GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M9a1aA16316GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011302Ko et al., 2014noneM9a1a:7609, 15884, 16248, 16265C, 16519
Hap5011305Ko et al., 2014noneM9a1a:249, 9055, 16092
Hap5017472Peng et al., 2011aM9a1a:16362M9a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 732, 2757, 4188, 7733, 8614, 8979, 16093, 16357, 16519
Hap5017473Peng et al., 2011aM9a1a:11914, 16362M9a1a:315.1C, 7534, 12348, 16294, 16519
Hap5017474Peng et al., 2011aM9a1a:146M9a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8860, 16519
Hap5018481Derenko et al., 2012noneM9a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3435, 15244, 15884, 16248, 16265C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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