E2a

Summary

Age: 8,002.4 ± 3,945.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A8730G
Parent Branch: E2
Descendant branch(s): E2a1 E2a2

Background

Haplogroup E2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,100 and 11,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 E2a 8730 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 E2a 8730 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 E2a 8730 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 E2a 8730 Released 10 May 2009
05 E2a 8730 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 E2a 8730 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 E2a 8730 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 E2a 8730 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 E2a 8730 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 E2a 8730 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 E2a 8730 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 E2a 8730 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 E2a 8730 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 E2a A8730G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 E2a A8730G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 E2a A8730G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 E2a A8730G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007536 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none E2a:194, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5010170 Ingman et al., 2000 none E2a:315.1C, 7340, 16519
Hap5013787 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16385
Hap5013788 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:13279, 16519
Hap5013789 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16385, 16519
Hap5013790 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013791 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:14100, 16093, 16519
Hap5013792 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013793 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013794 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013795 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013796 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013797 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013798 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013799 Reiff et al., 2011 E2a:16311 E2a:384, 8476, 16519
Hap5013800 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013801 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013802 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013803 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:16519
Hap5013804 Reiff et al., 2011 none E2a:13708, 16519
Hap5015719 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 9063, 16519
Hap5015724 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:315.1C, 16086, 16519
Hap5015864 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:315.1C, 5558, 9293, 16519
Hap5015869 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:315.1C, 15287, 16519
Hap5015873 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:198, 315.1C, 5460, 6734, 9966, 12723, 16258C, 16309, 16519
Hap5015877 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:315.1C, 7022, 16215, 16519
Hap5015883 Soares et al., 2008 none E2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 485, 9063, 15777, 16519
Hap5017091 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a E2a:15043, 15178, 16189 E2a:309d, 346-360d, 2222, 2503N, 5754N, 8497N, 12418N, 12535-12573d, 15043N, 15178N, 16093, 16189N, 16356, 16519
Hap5017186 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a none E2a:310N, 5775, 9313N, 16519
Hap5017190 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a none E2a:921N, 2457N, 12346, 12418N, 16519
Hap5017531 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011b none E2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9776, 10721, 16519
Hap5021812 Duggan et al., 2014b none E2a:9233, 16519
Hap5021819 Duggan et al., 2014b none E2a:7364, 16519
Hap5021840 Duggan et al., 2014b none E2a:7364, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046909 Netherlands Netherlands Indonesia Indonesia
Hap10046910 United States Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States of
Hap10046911 United States Canada Philippines Philippines
Hap10046912 United States Philippines Philippines Philippines
Hap10046913 Unspecified Philippines Philippines Philippines
Hap10046914 United States Territories Micronesia, Federated States of United States Territories United States Territories
Hap10046915 United States United States Territories United States Territories United States Territories
Hap10046916 United States United States Territories United States Territories United States Territories
Hap10046917 United States Territories United States Territories United States Territories United States Territories
Hap10046918 United States Territories United States Territories United States Territories United States Territories
Hap10046919 Philippines Philippines Unspecified Philippines
Hap10046920 Philippines Philippines Unspecified Philippines
Hap10046921 Singapore Singapore Unspecified Singapore
Hap10046922 United States Territories United States Territories Unspecified United States Territories
Hap10046923 Spain Unspecified Unspecified Spain
Hap10046924 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10046925 United States Territories Unspecified Unspecified United States Territories
Hap10046926 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046927 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046928 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046929 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046930 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046931 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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