Age: 9,181.6 ± 3,227.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16164G
Parent Branch: D5a2a
Descendant branch(s): D5a2a1a D5a2a1b


Haplogroup D5a2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 6,000 and 12,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 D5a2a 16164 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D5a2a 16164 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D5a2a 16164 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D5a2a 16164 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D5a2a1 16164 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D5a2a1 16164 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D5a2a1 16164 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D5a2a1 16164 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D5a2a1 16164 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D5a2a1 A16164G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D5a2a1 A16164G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D5a2a1 A16164G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D5a2a1 A16164G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005811 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 D5a2a1:152, 16172 D5a2a1:189T, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8271, 12940, 14274T, 15479, 16182C, 16183C, 16356, 16519
Hap5005821 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 D5a2a1:16172, 16266 D5a2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 320, 523-524d, 3355, 11233, 14668, 16182C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5010677 Kang et al., 2013 D5a2a1:16266 D5a2a1:523-524d, 13966, 14502, 16153, 16183N, 16243, 16519
Hap5014388 Starikovskaya et al., 2005 none D5a2a1:315.1C, 4947, 8838, 12954, 16182C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5015541 Volodko et al., 2008 D5a2a1:16172 D5a2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6671, 6908, 12753, 16126, 16182C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5017520 Yu et al., 2010b D5a2a1:16311 D5a2a1:315.1C, 2581, 4491, 11929, 14484, 16182C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5020180 Liu et al., 2014 D5a2a1:16362 D5a2a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 1957, 8911, 10403, 12810, 14920, 16182C, 16183C, 16519
Hap5022548 Zheng et al., 2011 D5a2a1:16172 D5a2a1:310, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 6779, 9033, 9554, 16182-16183d, 16519
Hap5022549 Zheng et al., 2011 none D5a2a1:523-524d, 8251, 16183N, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046767 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10046768 Malaysia China China China
Hap10046769 United States China China China
Hap10046770 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046771 China China Unspecified China
Hap10046772 China China Unspecified China
Hap10046773 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046774 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046775 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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