D4m2

Summary

Age: 8,949.8 ± 5,188.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A1222G G1719A A3492G G16042A
Parent Branch: D4m
Descendant branch(s): D4m2a

Background

Haplogroup D4m2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,800 and 14,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 (16214) Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 (16214) Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 (16214) Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4m2 1222 1719 16042 (16214) Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4m2 1222 1719 3492 16042 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4m2 1222 1719 3492 16042 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4m2 1222 1719 3492 16042 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4m2 1222 1719 3492 16042 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4m2 1222 1719 3492 16042 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4m2 A1222G G1719A A3492G G16042A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4m2 A1222G G1719A A3492G G16042A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4m2 A1222G G1719A A3492G G16042A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4m2 A1222G G1719A A3492G G16042A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010068 Ingman et al., 2000 none D4m2:315.1C, 789, 8868, 15229, 16172, 16519
Hap5015494 Volodko et al., 2008 none D4m2:309.1C, 315.1C, 12750, 15313, 16093, 16214, 16519
Hap5015547 Volodko et al., 2008 D4m2:3492 D4m2:189, 194, 315.1C, 16214, 16519
Hap5016507 Derenko et al., 2010 none D4m2:315.1C, 4676, 7430, 9755, 16214, 16519
Hap5016555 Derenko et al., 2010 none D4m2:315.1C, 789, 8868, 15229, 16172, 16519
Hap5016611 Derenko et al., 2010 none D4m2:315.1C, 15313, 16093, 16214, 16519
Hap5022543 Zheng et al., 2011 D4m2:16311 D4m2:4767, 14180, 16214, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046732 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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