D4g2a1

Summary

Age: 13,093.8 ± 4,949.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C11059T
Parent Branch: D4g2a
Descendant branch(s): D4g2a1a D4g2a1b D4g2a1c

Background

Haplogroup D4g2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 8,100 and 18,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4g2a1 546 8994 11059 14793 16223 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4g2a1 546 8994 11059 14793 16223 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 D4g2a1 546 8994 11059 14793 16223 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4g2a1 546 8994 11059 14793 16223 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4g2a1 546 8994 11059 14793 16223! Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4g2a1 11059 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4g2a1 11059 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4g2a1 11059 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4g2a1 11059 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4g2a1 11059 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4g2a1 11059 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4g2a1 11059 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4g2a1 C11059T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4g2a1 C11059T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4g2a1 C11059T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4g2a1 C11059T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016568 Derenko et al., 2010 none D4g2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10694
Hap5016571 Derenko et al., 2010 D4g2a1:13105 D4g2a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 14650, 16519
Hap5016624 Derenko et al., 2010 D4g2a1:13105 D4g2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14650, 16519
Hap5018111 Liu et al., 2012 D4g2a1:11914, 16274 D4g2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3150, 5656R, 8462, 9156
Hap5018204 Liu et al., 2012 D4g2a1:11914, 16274 D4g2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3150, 8462, 9156
Hap5022524 Zheng et al., 2011 D4g2a1:16311 D4g2a1:263, 5655, 9007, 12372, 15085, 16169, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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