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Age: 10,239.2 ± 4,619.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5021C G15106A T15184C G16274A
Parent Branch: D4e
Descendant branch(s): D4e5a D4e5b


Haplogroup D4e5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,600 and 14,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09D4e4152 573.1CC 5021 14755 15106 15184 16274Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4e45021 15106 15184 16274Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4e55021 15106 15184 16274Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4e55021 15106 15184 16274Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4e55021 15106 15184 16274Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4e5T5021C G15106A T15184C G16274AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4e5T5021C G15106A T15184C G16274AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4e5T5021C G15106A T15184C G16274AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4e5T5021C G15106A T15184C G16274AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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